Laboratory of Mechanics, Navigation and Motion Control

The main directions:

  1. Quaternion and biquaternion models and methods of mechanics of solids, systems of solids and robotic manipulators
  2. Inertial orientation, navigation and non-linear inertial control of the movement of objects on free-of-charge principles
  3. Optimum control of the angular and orbital movements of space vehicles using quaternion models of astrodynamics
  4. Methods of synthesis of multiply connected systems of automatic control by criteria of accuracy and robust stability
  5. Algorithmic support of navigation and motion control systems for various objects

Our work:

A new mathematical, algorithmic and software for free-of-charge inertial navigation systems is designed for high-precision solution of orientation and navigation tasks of various types of moving objects (aircraft: military and civil aircraft, rockets, space vehicles, sea, river and land transport: marine and river ships, submarines, cars, trains, robots) in autonomous and adjustable modes. The navigation system includes in its composition the angular velocity meters of the object (gyroscopes) and apparent acceleration (accelerometers), altitude and vertical speed sensors (in the corrected mode) and onboard computer.

New high-precision algorithms for autonomous determination of orientation and navigation parameters of moving objects have been developed, which have no analogues in Russia and abroad. Algorithms of orientation of BINS have methodical errors equal to 10-8  degrees / hour, and navigation algorithms have in the offline mode after an hour of movement methodical errors equal to 10 -5 m / s in speed, and 10-3 m by location in the plane of the horizon (in height and vertical velocity, these errors are 1-2 orders of magnitude larger).

New effective algorithms for the operation of the BINS, corrected for altitude and vertical speed, are taken into account, taking into account the interference of the gauges (gyroscopes, accelerometers, altitude and vertical velocity sensors).

A number of developments on the BINS were carried out by orders of the Design Bureau of Industrial Automation (Saratov), ​​NPK Optolink LLC (Moscow (Zelenograd), Saratov), ​​Avionika Concern OJSC (Moscow), Aerospetsproekt “(Zhukovsky, Moscow region).

Developments can be used in the implementation of the National Technology Initiative in the following areas:

  1. AeroNet (distributed systems of unmanned aerial vehicles);
  2. MariNet (digital navigation, subsoil development, as well as distributed maritime transport systems without crew);
  3. AutoNet (a distributed network for driving without a driver)